是有毒的物质，正常的人如果在 甲醛超标 的地方呆太久的话，健康也会受到影响，何况是怀孕的人，所以它对孕妇有着巨大的危害，今天小编就给大家介绍下甲醛对孕妇有哪些危害，各位准妈妈们要看好了。 Formaldehyde is a toxic substance. If normal people stay too long in a place where formaldehyde exceeds the standard , their health will be affected, let alone a pregnant person, so it has a great harm to pregnant women. Today I will introduce formaldehyde to everyone What harms pregnant women have, mothers should be optimistic.
甲醛 是无色,有刺激性的气体，其40%的水溶液称为福尔马林。 1. Formaldehyde is a colorless, irritating gas. Its 40% aqueous solution is called formalin. Formaldehyde has strong carcinogenic and carcinogenic effects. The effects of formaldehyde on human health are mainly manifested in abnormal smell, irritation, decreased allergic function, abnormal lung function, abnormal liver function, and abnormal immune function. 甲醛 可引起慢性呼吸道疾病，引起鼻咽癌、结肠癌、脑瘤、月经紊乱、细胞核的基因突变，DNA单链内交链和DNA与蛋白质交链及抑制DNA损伤的修复；引起妊娠综合征、新生儿染色体异常、白血病；引起青少年记忆力和智力下降。 Long-term exposure to low-dose formaldehyde can cause chronic respiratory diseases, cause nasopharyngeal cancer, colon cancer, brain tumors, menstrual disorders, genetic mutations in the nucleus, DNA single-strand cross-links and DNA-protein cross-links, and inhibit DNA damage repair; Pregnancy syndrome, neonatal chromosomal abnormalities, leukemia; cause memory and intelligence decline in adolescents. 儿童和孕妇对甲醛尤为敏感 ，危害也更大。 Among the exposed people, children and pregnant women are particularly sensitive to formaldehyde and are more harmful.
2. May cause menstrual disorders and abnormal menstruation in women. 甲醛浓度 每立方米在0.24至0.55毫克时，有40％的适龄女性月经不规则，妇女易出现头痛、乏力、疲倦、烦躁、易激动、失眠等症状，甚至引起生育畸形和流产。 When the concentration of formaldehyde in indoor air is 0.24 to 0.55 mg per cubic meter, 40% of women of appropriate age have irregular menstruation, and women are prone to headaches, fatigue, fatigue, irritability, irritability, insomnia and other symptoms, and even cause birth defects and abortion. .
苯污染 容易影响女性健康，甚至直接影响孕妇的胎儿发育。 3. Benzene pollution released by various paints, coatings and adhesives in home and office decoration and workplaces can easily affect women's health and even directly affect the fetal development of pregnant women. Pollution of organic solvents with low concentrations of aromatic hydrocarbons has a negative impact on the birth weight of newborns, which can reduce the birth weight of newborns and shorten the gestational weeks of newborns significantly.
4, early pregnancy, this time is the time of fetal organ differentiation, is also a period of teratogenic sensitivity, at 4 months, you can pass the B-ultrasound to check for deformities. 甲醛 。 Long-term inhalation of formaldehyde in pregnant women can increase the incidence of poisoning, anemia and threatened abortion during pregnancy, and fetal malformations and even death. Therefore, pregnant women should minimize exposure to formaldehyde .
Formaldehyde exceeds the standard
According to national compulsory standards, after one hour of closing doors and windows, the amount of formaldehyde released per cubic meter of indoor air should not be greater than 0.08 mg; if it reaches 0.1-2.0 mg, 50% of normal people can smell odor; it can reach 2.0-5.0 mg , Eyes, trachea will be strongly stimulated, sneezing, coughing and other symptoms; reach 10 mg or more, difficulty breathing; above 50 mg, will cause critical diseases such as pneumonia, and even cause death
The main source of formaldehyde
1. Decoration materials and new combination furniture
2. UF foam is used as heat insulation and cold insulation material for houses.
甲醛 做防腐剂的涂料、化纤地毯、化妆品等。 3. Use formaldehyde as antiseptic coating, chemical fiber carpet, cosmetics, etc.
4. Detergents, pesticides, preservatives, etc.
5. Adhesive for urea-formaldehyde resin or wood chips.
Ways to eliminate formaldehyde
1. Long-term ventilation (more than six months).
2. Placing green plants in the room, such as Chlorophytum, Millennium Wood, Aloe, etc., can absorb harmful gases.
去除异味 。 3. Use products such as formaldehyde capture agents on the market to remove odor . 装修污染 。 It is suitable for the treatment of materials such as boards during the decoration process to prevent decoration pollution . Never use it after decoration or living, as it will affect the surface of objects and human health.
活性炭 吸附空气中的大分子气体悬浮颗粒，或是空气净化器，通过强制空气循环达到过滤净化空气的目的。 4. Use activated carbon to adsorb macromolecular gas suspended particles in the air, or an air purifier, to achieve the purpose of filtering and purifying the air through forced air circulation.
甲醛 对我们以及孕妇的危害，所以大家在新房的装修、装饰过程中一定要注意，为了防止因新房空气污染而影响我们的身体健康，新房装修后一定要保证在没有空气污染的情况下才能入住。 The above is the harm of formaldehyde to us and pregnant women, so everyone must pay attention to the new house decoration and decoration process. In order to prevent the air pollution of the new house from affecting our health, the new house must be ensured without air pollution To stay.
甲醛 快速检测盒、嗅觉自测或是找专业的检测公司来 检测甲醛 是否超标。 You can use the formaldehyde rapid test box, olfactory self-test or find a professional testing company to detect whether formaldehyde exceeds the standard. We recommend that you use activated carbon plus plant plus ventilation to eliminate formaldehyde after living.